penktadienis, birželio 18, 2010

The Machinery Of Freedom

David D. Friedman pagaliau paviešino savo puikios knygos The Machinery Of Freedom elektroninę versiją ir ruošiasi trečiosios jos versijos išleidimui.

sekmadienis, birželio 13, 2010

Dienos citata: religijos ir statizmas

Religion was never "invented", it just happens to be that the superstitions that gave mystics more power over people survived, while other superstitions faded away. Monotheism gives an easy monopoly to heaven, because there is only one true god. Polytheism was kinda doomed from the start.

So, it's no mystery that similar religious ideas developed in otherwise isolated areas around the globe, just as it's no mystery that people all figured out agriculture and domestication of animals, or mathematics, without necessarily having borrowed the technology from the same source. This is possible because these things are sciences, and some methods will be objectively "better" than others for their various purposes. Mysticism is simply the science of fooling people into believing silly superstitions, so it makes sense that many cultures would arrive at similar strategies for this purpose.

In this way, we can see statism as a subset of religion; a sort of secular god that magically saves humanity from a state of nature.

(Paryškinimai mano)

- Anonimas

Dienos citata: The 20th Century Fight Against Communism

What was the result of spending hundreds of millions of lives throughout the 20th Century to fight communism?
Let's look at the 10 major demands in the Communist Manifesto:

1. Abolition of Property in Land and Application of all Rents of Land to Public Purpose.

Check. Anyone who "owns" property knows full well what happens if he/she doesn't pay property taxes.

2. A Heavy Progressive or Graduated Income Tax.

Check. 16th Amendment, circa 1913.

3. Abolition of All Rights of Inheritance.

Check. Look at how much heirs pay in death taxes.

4. Confiscation of the Property of All Emigrants and Rebels.

Check. The IRS recently announced it was going after "high value" US expatriates. If you think renouncing your citizenship is a way out of this, they even charge you an "exit tax."

5. Centralization of Credit in the Hands of the State, by Means of a National Bank with State Capital and an Exclusive Monopoly.

Check. Look at how the Federal Reserve operates. Beyond that, the recent bank bailout put many "private" banks under state control or ownership.

6. Centralization of the Means of Communication and Transport in the Hands of the State.

Check: The government controls and/or heavily regulates roads, railways and telecommunications. We have the FCC, FAA, EPA, and Dept of Tranportation. Federal Radio Commission, 1927; Federal Communications Commission, 1934; Air Commerce Act of 1926; Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938; Federal Aviation Agency, 1958; becoming part of the Department of Transportation in 1966; Federal Highway Act of 1916 (federal funds made available to States for highway construction); Interstate Highway System, 1944 (funding began 1956); Interstate Commerce Commission given authority by Congress to regulate trucking and carriers on inland waterways, 1935-40; Department of Transportation, 1966.

7. Extension of Factories and Instruments of Production Owned by the State, the Bringing Into Cultivation of Waste Lands, and the Improvement of the Soil Generally in Accordance with a Common Plan.

The government did take over GM and Chrysler. In progress. Millions of acres of "federal land" off limits. (Department of Agriculture, 1862; Agriculture Adjustment Act of 1933 -- farmers will receive government aid if and only if they relinquish control of farming activities; Tennessee Valley Authority, 1933 with the Hoover Dam completed in 1936.)

8. Equal Liability of All to Labor. Establishment of Industrial Armies, Especially for Agriculture.

First labor unions, known as federations, appeared in 1820. National Labor Union established 1866. American Federation of Labor established 1886. Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 placed railways under federal regulation. Department of Labor, 1913. Labor-management negotiations sanctioned under Railway Labor Act of 1926. Civil Works Administration, 1933. National Labor Relations Act of 1935, stated purpose to free inter-state commerce from disruptive strikes by eliminating the cause of the strike. Works Progress Administration 1935. Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, mandated 40-hour work week and time-and-a-half for overtime, set "minimum wage" scale. Civil Rights Act of 1964, effectively the equal liability of all to labor.

9. Combination of Agriculture with Manufacturing Industries; Gradual Abolition of the Distinction Between Town and Country by a More Equable Distribution of the Population over the Country.

The agricultural sector in this country feeds at the trough of taxpayer subsidies for crops. Food processing companies, with the co-operation of the Farmers Home Administration foreclosures, are buying up farms and creating "conglomerates."

10. Free Education for All Children in Public Schools.

Check. Gradual shift from private education to publicly funded began in the Northern States, early 1800's. 1887: federal money (unconstitutionally) began funding specialized education. Smith-Lever Act of 1914, vocational education; Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 and other relief acts of the 1930's. Federal school lunch program of 1935; National School Lunch Act of 1946. National Defense Education Act of 1958, a reaction to Russia's Sputnik satellite demonstration, provided grants to education's specialties. Federal school aid law passed, 1965, greatly enlarged federal role in education, "head-start" programs, textbooks, library books.


šeštadienis, birželio 12, 2010

Dienos citata: Why libertarianism has failed

We should only be trying to convince people if we are right. If I try to convince you that the color blue is the best color ever and I get angry if you don't agree with me, then obviously that's irrational. There's nothing you can say to people who are irrational.

If we take as our position that freedom is just nice or better, but not logically true or morally valid or provable, than we are wrong in trying to change people to our way of thinking.

If I'm a scientist and I come up with a theory, I don't try to convince people because it's better to believe it, I try to convince people because it's true, and verifiable.

Because [Libertarians] have failed, and have been unwilling to address the central issue of morality, that is why we have failed incredibly badly for the past two generations.

My strong belief to why we have failed is that the world does not run on economic efficiency. The world runs on right and wrong, the world runs on morality. The world does not run on the fact that the free market is going to give you better income, bla bla bla. If people believe that government programs are morally right, they will support them no matter what the evidence. If the people believe that the free market is morally wrong, or at best “amoral”, then they will reject it's unfettered expansion, they will reject the free market.

This is all very understood by our enemies. The Iraq war was sold on the basis of morality. 'Saddam is a bad guy, he's got weapons of mass destruction, he lied to his people. He lied to the UN.' These are all moral arguments. They aren't arguments of efficiency. 'The price of oil will go down if we invade Iraq.' No one cares about that. They aren't arguments of efficiency. Nobody cares that the price of oil is going to go down in a free market, they don't care if they are going to make money, and we know that because we have been arguing this for generations and we have gotten nowhere.

- Stefan Molyneux

(Paimta iš Elizabeth Henrichon ese)

šeštadienis, birželio 05, 2010

Dienos citata: Virtue

Virtue - any trait or behavior that maintains or encourages individual consistency with the truth. In my opinion, the top 4 virtues are:
  1. Honesty
  2. Curiosity
  3. Empathy
  4. Humility 
Greg Gauthier